History Of SPA
The term spa is associated with water treatment which is also known as balneotherapy. Spa towns or spa resorts (including hot springs resorts) typically offer various health treatments. The belief in the curative powers of mineral waters goes back to prehistoric times. Such practices have been popular worldwide, but are especially widespread in Europe and Japan. Day spas are also quite popular, and offer various personal care treatments.
The term spa like this only been used in English speaking countries and is still being used. From Germany the term "Kurort" which means "Cure Place", especially spreaded to Eastern Europe. This is a comprehensive usage of "Health Resort" in English. Although it is primarily used for the places practicing with mineral and thermal water it may also be used for the places practicing climatoheraphy. Instead, the German term "Bad" which is used for premise of geographic namings and its French equivalent "les Bains" is more specifically expresses "spa". The term meaning the same in Italian is "Terme", in Spanish it is "Banos". In Turkish we use "kaplıca" is synonymous to all of these words.
In reality, the belief for the curative power of thermal mineral water baths became an integrated discipline and this discipline was taught in all main medical schools in Europe for ages. Also presently, in most European spa cities, "treatment with water" is commonly used but under medical supervision and control. But, a treatment can be possible with the spa doctor's consultation and his prescription who works in the spa place. Concurrent treatments with water or radon cave seances, doctors, may order herbal wrapping; dry and wet hot treatments, massages and others at the same time. Bathing procedures during this period varied greatly. By the 20th century, physicians, prescribed that the mineral water be taken internally as well as externally. Patients periodically bathed in warm water for up to 10 or 11 hours while drinking glasses of mineral water. The first bath session occurred in the morning, the second in the afternoon. This treatment lasted several days until skin pustules formed and broke resulting in the draining of "poisons" considered to be the source of the disease. Then followed another series of shorter, hotter baths to wash the infection away and close the eruptions.
Europeans gradually obtained many of the hot and cold springs from the various Indian tribes. They then developed the spring to suit European tastes. By the 1760s, British colonists were traveling to hot and cold springs in Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New York, and Virginia in search of water cures. Among the more frequently visited of these springs were Bath, Yellow, and Bristol Springs in Pennsylvania; and Warm Springs, Hot Springs, and White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia (now in West Virginia) in Virginia. In the last decade of the 1700s, New York spas were beginning to be frequented by intrepid travelers, most notably Ballston Spa. Nearby Saratoga Springs and Kinderhook were yet to be discovered Spa and cure medicine in Germany is in a wide and important health sector position. In year of 2013 total of 14 million people have been treated in stay-overnight spas for the duration of 69 million days and major portion of their expenses have been covered by their insurances. In our country on the other hand, 6.5 million people have visited spas in year of 1990 and only 5% of their expenses have been covered partially by health insurance and retirement funds.